Publications & Presentations

DNA Economics’ research work has a strong focus on trade, industrial and regulatory policy issues.

UNDERSTANDING SOUTH AFRICA’S TRADE POLICY AND PERFORMANCE (2021)

By Matthew Stern and Yash Ramkolowan, published by Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA).

 

THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE CARBON TAX IN SOUTH AFRICA (2020)

By Brent Cloete published in the March/April 2020 edition of Taxtalk Magazine.

 
THE 2020 LIST OF OCCUPANTIONS IN HIGH DEMAND: A TECHNICAL REPORT | LABOUR MARKET INTELLIGENCE (2020)

By Fouché Venter and Michele Capazario

 

PERFORMANCE AND EXPENDITURE REVIEW: PROVINCIAL NATURE RESERVES (2019)

By Brent Cloete, Fouché Venter and Samantha Munro, with technical input from Dereck Milburn. A report to GTAC, an agency of the National Treasury.

 

FLYER FOR CLIMATE-PROOFING SOUTH AFRICAN RETIREMENT FUNDS EVENT (2019)

Presentation by Brent Cloete

 

BARRIERS TO LOW CARBON FINANCE IN INDUSTRIAL SECTORS IN SOUTH AFRICA (2018)

By Brent Cloete, Brett Cohen, Yvonne Lewis, Samantha Munro and Yash Ramkolowan – A working paper for the World Bank

 

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF PHASE 1 CARBON BUDGETS IN SOUTH AFRICA (2017)

By Brent Cloete, Brett Cohen, Alex Child and Yash Ramkolowan – A report for DEA and GIZ

 

S/A JOINS GLOBAL IMPACT INVESTING BODY (2018)

An interview with Elias Masilela

 

SCOPING THE FEASIBILITY AND IMPLICATIONS OF A STABILISATION FUND FOR SACU (2018)

By Yash Ramkolowan

 

REPORT FOR THE WORLD BANK PARTNERSHIP FOR MARKET READINESS(2018)

By Vivid Economics, DNA Economics and Emily Tyler

 

SUSTAINABILITY AND ESG FOR GROWTH (2017)

By Elias Masilela

 

CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION POLICY MAINSTREAMING REPORT (2016)

By Brent Cloete, Tjasa Bole-Rentel, Brett Cohen, Alex Constantinou and Sifiso Mhlaba – A report for the Department of Environmental Affairs and GIZ.

 

PENSIONS,POWER & DEVELOPMENT PERFORMANCE (2016)

By Elias Masilela

 

SUSTAINABILITY OF NHI – DOES THE ECONOMY ADJUST OR DOES THE HEALTH SECTOR ADJUST ? (2016)

By Elias Masilela

 

TOWARDS AN IGFR SYSTEM THAT SUPPORTS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NHI (2016)

Presented by Amanda Jitsing

 

LESSONS FROM INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN IMPLEMENTING NHI (2016)

Presented by Fouche Venter

 

LIFT YOUR EYES TO THE HORIZON (2015)

An interview with Elias Masilela

 

REFLECTIONS ON “COMBINING PRICE & QUANTITY INSTRUMENTS: INSIGHTS FROM SOUTH AFRICA”

Published in Climate Policy, Vol. 15 issue 3
by Emily Tyler and Brent Cloete

 

OUR COLLECTIVE VISION FOR THE GLOBAL COMPACT NETWORK SOUTH AFRICA (2015)

Global Compact Network SA Annual Members Meeting
By Elias Masilela

 

 

KEYNOTE ADDRESS AT THE JOINT DURBAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY AND THE NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION BUSINESS DINNER (2014)

By Elias Masilela

 

 

INVESTING FOR POST 2015 AGENDA – REALISING GROWTH AND MEETING SDGS (2014)

By Elias Masilela

 

 
ROLE OF INFRASTRUCTURE FOR MINING IN AFRICA; MINING IS NOT ONLY ABOUT ENGINEERING (2014)

Speech presented at the occasion of the Zimbabwe Mining Indaba, Harare, Zimbabwe – Elias Masilela, COMMISSIONER, NPC and EXECUTIVE CHAIRMAN, DNA ECONOMICS

 

REGULATING THE QUALITY OF HEALTH SERVICES: BENCHMARKING OF APPROACHES, INSTITUTIONS AND SYSTEMS (2013)

Towards the establishment of an Office of Health Standards Compliance (OHSC) – By Carol Marshall and Amanda Jitsing

 

TRANSFORMING SOCIETY AND UNITING THE COUNTRY (2014)

Speech delivered at the Occasion of the Launch of the National Building and Social Cohesion Community Conversations University of Free State – Elias Masilela

 

 

DAR FORUM TRUMPS PRIVATE SECTOR ROLE (2014)

The private sector has been urged not to solely rely on profit maximisation but should rather also take part in helping the government to make policies that would lead to a good investment environment. – Elias Masilela

 

 

THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE NDP (2014)

Presentation at Ntataise ECD Conference on 18th August 2014 by Elias Masilela

 

 

MEGA-REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN AND PACIFIC COUNTRIES (2014)

ECIPE Occasional Paper, funded by the ACP MTS programme. Peter Draper, Simon Lacey and Yash Ramkolowan

 

 

PROVOCATEUR BRIEFING REPORT, FORUM ON DEVELOPMENT AND MITIGATION: TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL POLICY (2014)

Yash Ramkolowan

 

 

THE USE OF EVALUATION RESULTS IN GOVERNMENT: WHAT WORKS, WHAT DOESN’T AND WHAT CAN BE IMPROVED? (2013)

Amanda Jitsing

 

 

THE ROLE OF SOUTH AFRICAN INVESTMENT IN AFRICA (2012) – A STUDY FOR NEDLAC (FRIDGE)

Yash Ramkolowan, Matthew Stern, Bobby Berkowitz (TNS Surveys) and Melissa Webb (TNS Surveys)

 

THE INTERFACE BETWEEN A CARBON BUDGET APPROACH AND A CARBON TAX (2013)

Brent Cloete,Emily Tyler, Alex Constantinou and Yash Ramkolowan

 

 

COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE: HOW MIGHT “GREEN” GROWTH FACILITATE OR HINDER SA’S DEVELOPMENTAL OBJECTIVES? (2012)

Dr Nick Segal, Brent Cloete

 

 

A SYNTHESIS OF CLIMATE FINANCE (2011) – REPORT PREPARED FOR THE DBSA

Brent Cloete, Yash Ramkolowan and Emily Tyler

 

BASELINE STUDY OF THE LIQUOR INDUSTRY – INCLUDING THE IMPACT OF THE NATIONAL LIQUOR ACT 59 OF 2003

Sarah Truen, Yash Ramkolowan, Joanne Corrigall (UCT) and Richard Matzopoulos (UCT)

 

CARBON TAX DESIGN OPTIONS – A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT

Brent Cloete and Emily Tyler

 

CARBON LOCK-IN: INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT RESEARCH PIECE – NPC LOW CARBON ECONOMY WORK PROGRAMME

Brent Cloete

 

ABILITY OF FIRMS TO ADJUST TO HIGHER ENERGY COSTS

Brent Cloete, Stephen Chisadza and Yash Ramkolowan (DNA Economics)Brett Cohen, Kyle Mason-Jones and Cornelia Ras (The Green House)

 

SADC TRADE IN SERVICES: NEGOTIATING THE NATIONAL INTEREST

Matthew Stern, Sarah Truen and Yash Ramkolowan

 

APPROACHING THE ‘WHY, WHAT AND HOW’ OF LOW-CARBON PLANNING IN SOUTH AFRICA

WWF, The Green House and DNA Economics

 

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES IN SOUTH AFRICA

Niall Condon, Matthew Stern & Sarah Truen

 

A MEMORANDUM ON THE NEED FOR REGULATORY IMPACT ASSESSMENTS IN TOLL ROAD PRICE DECISIONS

By Sarah Truen

 

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AFRICAN GROWTH AND OPPORTUNITY ACT (AGOA) IN INCREASING TRADE FROM LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

By Niall Condon and Matthew Stern

 

INCREASING TRADE WITH LATIN AMERICA

By DNA Economics and AMERU

 

CARBON TAXES IN SOUTH AFRICA: MOTIVATION AND LIKELY IMPACTS

by Brent Cloete

 

THE DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTIVENESS OF UNTIED AID: SOUTH AFRICA CASE STUDY

by Yash Ramkolowan and Matthew Stern

 

TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA (2008)

by Frank Flatters and Matthew Stern

 

GERMAN AID FOR TRADE: PAST EXPERIENCE, LESSONS LEARNT AND THE WAY FORWARD – COUNTRY CASE STUDY MOZAMBIQUE

Nial Condon and Matthew Stern

 

SKILLS SHORTAGES AND PRODUCTIVITY ISSUES IN THE PUBLIC SERVICE

By Amanda Jitsing

 

TRADE AND TRADE POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA

by Matthew Stern and Frank Flatters

 

THE ECONOMICS OF MIDP AND THE SOUTH AFRICAN MOTOR INDUSTRY

by Frank Flatters

 

TRADE AND POVERTY CASE STUDY: SMALL HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES

by Taz Chaponda and Matthew Stern

 

TRADE AND POVERTY IN SOUTH AFRICA: LESSONS AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS

by Lawrence Edwards and Matthew Stern

 

SACU REVENUE SHARING: ISSUES AND OPTIONS

by Frank Flatters and Matthew Stern

 

SADC CUSTOMS UNION STUDY – MAIN REPORT

SADC CUSTOMS UNION STUDY – POLICY BRIEF

VAT PRACTICES WITHIN SACU AND POSSIBILITIES FOR HARMONISATION

Amanda Jitsing and Matthew Stern

 

MOVING MEDICS: A CASE STUDY OF SOUTH AFRICA

Matthew Stern

APROS FOUNDATION, SOUTH AFRICA, 2018

DNA Economics developed a Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Framework for the APROS Foundation. The framework provided guidance on how the organisation would carry out its monitoring and evaluation functions over the life span of its programmes and projects. The M&E framework allows the Foundation to track and measure progress on the implementation of its programmes and provide information to management and funders about the performance of the projects.

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SOUTH AFRICA’S NEAR-TERM CLIMATE CHANGE PRIORITY FLAGSHIP PROGRAMMES ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK (GIZ/DEA, SOUTH AFRICA, 2015-2016)

DNA Economics developed an assessment framework that can be used to evaluate, compare and contrast the implementation of the Near-term Priority Flagship Programmes driving climate change adaptation and mitigation responses in South Africa at scale. The framework allowed for the identification of Flagship Programmes which are being successfully implemented, and for highlighting barriers and challenges faced by Flagship Programmes from a programme perspective. DNA Economics also assisted with the creation of detailed operational model that will guide the roll-out of Flagships in future.

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REVIEW AND UPDATE OF GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF POLLUTION PREVENTION PLANS (THE GREEN HOUSE/GIZ, SOUTH AFRICA, 2015)

DNA Economics supported The Green House in assisting the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) to review and update the Guidelines for the Development of Pollution Prevention Plans for greenhouse gases (PPP-GHGs). The Guidelines provide guidance to companies that have been allocated carbon budgets by the Minster of Environmental Affairs. The requirement for submitting PPP-GHGs has been specified in the National Pollution Prevention Plans Regulations in Respect of GHGs developed by the DEA in terms of the National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act, 2004. The project is funded by GIZ.

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DEVELOPMENT OF A BUSINESS POSITION ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION (INDC) TO THE UNFCCC (BUSA, SOUTH AFRICA, 2015)

South Africa’s INDC forms the basis of the contribution it undertakes to make to prevent and address climate change in the medium term in the international arena. BUSA commissioned DNA to consider what an INDC would look like that adequately reflects South Africa’s socio-economic development and climate mitigation ambitions. The international and local mitigation policy contexts (including the nature of South Africa’s existing pledge under the UNFCCC and local process being undertaken to reduce national GHG emissions) were considered to develop a number of approaches that could be considered to develop South Africa’s INDC. These approaches were presented to BUSA members who voted for their preferred approach. The outcome of this process was a BUSA-mandated view of what South Africa’s INDC should look like. The proposed INDC option, and the process required to fully develop and present it to the UNFCCC, were presented in a position paper that BUSA shared with the Department of Environmental Affairs.

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SOUTH AFRICA LOW EMISSIONS DEVELOPMENT (LED) PROJECT (CHEMONICS INTERNATIONAL/ USAID, SOUTH AFRICA, 2015 – 2020)

USAID partnered with the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and Department of Science and Technology (DST) in South Africa to implement the $14 million South Africa Low Emissions Development (SA-LED) Program.
The SA-LED Program aims to address capacity and analytical needs related to low emission development planning and project development at the Municipal level and to transform the South African economy in such a way that it supports jobs and sustainable growth, while lowering GHG emissions. Initiated in May 2015 and continuing until 2020, the Program provided project development capabilities and strengthening public sector development planning skills for low emissions development. In addition, technical assistance and capacity building activities facilitated private sector participation in potential low-emissions bankable projects through identifying opportunities, bringing relevant actors together and facilitating feasibility studies and innovative financing models.
DNA Economics was part of the consortium implementing the project, led the program’s M&E and communications efforts, and provided targeted appraisals, studies, and feasibility analyses. This included value-chain research in specific sectors, to assess the potential for ‘greening’ industrial

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DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF THE LEGISLATIVE ENVIRONMENT ON THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN THE WESTERN CAPE (WESTERN CAPE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, SOUTH AFRICA, 2014-2015)

The Western Cape Department of Agriculture (WCDoA) commissioned DNA to consider the impact of policies and legislation on the agriculture sector in the province. The study identified both commodity-specific and cross-cutting issues that negatively impact the development of a number of key commodity groupings in the Western Cape. Issues were defined broadly to include both policies, regulations and laws at all levels of governments, and voluntary and mandatory requirements that farmers felt they had to comply with to ensure local and international market access. A combination of primary (interviews and focus groups) and secondary research was used to identify issues and propose solutions to key issues. A framework was developed to assist the WCDoA to priorities addressing 5 issues out of a total of 115 issues identified. 11 recommendations were put forward to address the 5 priority issues, with a further 60 recommendations suggested to addresses other issues in future.

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ASSESSMENT OF THE BIOFUELS INCENTIVE MODEL (NATIONAL TREASURY, SOUTH AFRICA, 2014)

A model (the Biofuels Incentive Model) has been developed on behalf of the Department of Energy to calculate the value of a fiscal production incentive for biofuels announced by the South African government in 2013. The incentive is to be funded by a biofuels levy on all petrol and diesel sold for domestic consumption. The National Treasury requested an assessment of this model to understand its theoretical underpinnings, the calculations behind the model, conduct sensitivity analyses to highlight risks and their likely magnitudes, and identify possible risk mitigation options. The assessment will assist the National Treasury to assess the fiscal risk related to the incentive and to respond effectively to possible parliamentary and other queries on the subject.

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DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH-LEVEL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR SOUTH AFRICA (THE GREEN HOUSE/GIZ, SOUTH AFRICA, 2014-2015)

The project developed a high-level technology implementation plan for the Departments of Environmental Affairs and Science and Technology to support climate mitigation efforts in South Africa as a complement to work already undertaken by the Departments (most notably the 2013 Mitigation Potential Analysis (MPA)). The project identified short, medium and long-term technology development, commercialisation and roll-out support programmes for priority technologies (and where possible, related technologies for which broadly similar technology support programmes may be relevant).

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MONITORING AND REPORTING SERVICES TO THE PRIVATE SECTOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAMME (PSEE) (NBI/DFID,SOUTH AFRICA, 2014-2015)

The National Business Initiative (NBI) implemented the £8.6 million Private Sector Energy Efficiency Programme PSEE) on behalf of UK Department for International Development (DFID) to improve the energy efficiency of commercial and industrial companies in South Africa. The PSEE assisted companies to identify and implement energy saving measures. Assistance was differentiated by company size and provided throughout South Africa. DNA Economics developed the PSEE monitoring and reporting framework by customising an initial framework proposed by the Carbon Trust to ensure that it is suited to South African conditions; consistent with DFID’s reporting requirements; cost-effective; and in line with the PSEE Business Case and logical framework (logframe). The framework included both data collection and process tools for monitoring the success of PSEE interactions with firms. DNA administered an online survey to beneficiaries of PSEE remote advice and implemented outcome monitoring calls to 450 medium and large firms that benefited from PSEE site surveys or strategic energy management interventions. In addition, DNA also provided monitoring and reporting capacity building and training to PSEE personnel and provided quality assurance services.

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ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION POLICY MAINSTREAMING (GIZ/DEA, SOUTH AFRICA, 2013-2014)

The project assessed the alignment of policies in five South African sectors (Agriculture, forestry and other land use, Energy, Industry, Transport, and Waste) with the National Climate Change Response Policy (NCCRP). A detailed policy gap assessment framework was developed based on NCCRP general principles and customised for use with four types of policy documents (High-level policy frameworks and strategies, Legislation/Acts, Regulations, and Implementation plans). The “effectiveness” (whether a mitigation option is likely to reduce GHG emissions) and “appropriateness” (whether a mitigation option conforms to the general NCCRP principles) of mitigation elements included in policy documents were also considered.

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